Please use the learning center to gain valuable information on the types of eating disorders, the symptoms, health risks and statistics associated with each eating disorder. Treatment information is also included regarding goals and available types of treatment for eating disorders. Recovery is possible and included are recovery statistics. If you have additional questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and an extreme fear of gaining weight.
Anorexia nervosa has characteristics of self-starvation. The denial of necessary nutrients forces the body to “slow down”. There can be severe health risks that stem from Anorexia Nervosa.
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by behaviors including bingeing and a compensatory behavior.
Binge Eating Disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of consuming large quantities of food. It is associated with loss of control and shame.
Health RisksBinge eating disorder has many severe health risks that are also associated with obesity.
Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED)
Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder do not meet the established criteria of other feeding or eating disorders, but still cause severe physical and emotional issues. If severe enough, it can require intervention and treatment. OSFED can cause serious issues regarding normal activities, family, and friends.
OSFED can include but is not limited to:
- Atypical anorexia nervosa: Similar to anorexia nervosa, but weight is not below normal
- Bulimia nervosa: Similar to bulimia nervosa, but with less frequent behaviors
- Binge eating disorder: Similar to binge eating disorder, but with less frequent behaviors
- Purging disorder: Purging behaviors without binge eating
- Night eating syndrome: excessive food consumption during nighttime
Additional Eating or Feeding Disorders
- Orthorexia has characteristics that include an unhealthy obsession with otherwise healthy eating. It may also include unhealthy obsessions with exercising. Orthorexia is not currently a diagnosable eating disorder.
- Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intact Disorder involves the inability to consume adequate amounts of food. It may lead to severe nutritional consequences. This disorder is similar to anorexia nervosa, but it does not contain psychological features.
- Rumination Disorder is characterized by the regurgitation of food that been swallowed. The food that has been regurgitated is often spit out or reswallowed.
- Pica is a form of disordered eating that is characterized by eating items that are not typically thought of as food. The substances being consumed do not contain nutritional value. The substances differ amongst age and availability, but they can include paper, soap, chalk, paint, clay, and many others.
- Diabulimia is the reduction of insulin intake in order to lose weight. Diabulimia is a dual diagnosis where a patient has an eating disorder and diabetes, usually Type 1 Diabetes.
- Chewing and Spitting Disorder is an eating disorder that involves individuals that chew up their food and then spit it out. This very serious behavior is done in order to lose weight.
- Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder do not meet established criteria of other feeding and eating disorders, but still have significant issues.
Eating disorder treatment is available and differs for every individual. Treatment usually consists of psychotherapy and medication. It is designed to promote healthy behaviors and prevent relapse.
- Common goals during treatment
- Medically stabilize the patient
- Stabilize coexisting mental health issues
- Treat and reduce long term medical complications
- Treat patients healthy and nutritional habits
- Improve the patients self-image
- Stop destructive behaviors
- Teach healthy coping mechanisms
- Encourage motivation to help prevent relapse
Types of Treatment
- Inpatient treatment is necessary if a patient is medically (severe health risks) and psychiatrically unstable (suicidal and unable to contract for safety).
- Residential treatment is for patients that are medically stable and psychiatrically unstable.
Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP)
- PHP is designed for patients that are medically and psychiatrically stable, but require daily assessment. This is for patients that unable to function in normal situations.
Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)
- IOP is designed for patients that are medically and psychiatrically stable. Patients do not require daily medical monitoring and are able to function in normal situations.
- Outpatient treatment is for patients that are medically and psychiatrically stable. Patients do not require daily assessment and are able to function in normal situations. Patients may need outpatient therapy to continue in their recovery process.
Recovery is always developing for an individual. Proper treatment and patient dedication can make eating disorder recovery possible.
- Without treatment, up to 20%of people with eating disorders will die. With treatment, that number falls to 2-3%.
- Eating disorder recovery takes an average of 2 years.
- 1 in 10 eating disorder suffers will receive treatment
- 85% of people with an eating disorder have a genetic predisposition
- Research funding spent on those affected with Alzheimer’s disease is $88 per individual. Autism funding is $44 per affected individual. Eating Disorders are much more prevalent than both disorders, but only receive $0.93 per affected individual.